Aside from those doctors that specialize in addiction medicine or addiction psychiatry, they are not required to undergo training in substance abuse diagnosis, or treatment for the disease of addiction. In this case, unfamiliarity breeds contempt. The lack of knowledge leads to the misunderstanding of addiction, and the proper way to address and treat it.
As substance abuse has become more common, and alcohol/ drug addiction is seen more and more as a mental disorder, a wider number of insurance companies have made limitations on coverage for treatment. There are agencies out there working on the behalf of the addicts and alcoholics, trying to fight for the financial protection of those who require these expensive and often-lengthy treatment procedures.
Drug makers have found a way to create synthetic fentanyl, and add it to heroin being sold on the streets of Utah. The narcotics department has reported that local dealers are trying to increase profit margins by cutting the heroin with this synthetic fentanyl. The biggest problem being that they have no idea how much fentanyl is too much for a person to ingest. Fentanyl is reported as the most powerful opioid medication out there.